Name Amon First

Aristotype

It was popular from 1887 until after the First World War when it was gradually superseded by gelatin aristotypes. With reddish-brown to purplish-brown colour variations, it offered on another hand an excellent image definition and a good chemical stability.

The gelatin aristotype, also known as P.O.P. (Printing Out Paper) gelatin silver chloride emulsion or citrate paper, was introduced in 1882 by the Englishman William de Abney and was mostly used by amateurs. The beginnings of its industrial production date back to 1884.
In France this technique was developed from 1892 with the marketing of "Aristo" paper by the Lumière brothers. At the same time, P.O.P. and "Solio" paper were being marketed by the companies Ilford and Kodak respectively. This process was hugely successful until around 1940. These papers were not very sensitive but offered very good definition. They could be glossy or matte and ranged from warm brown to black tones.

Aristotypes gradually disappeared from the 1920s onwards following the introduction of developing out processes which reduced exposure time and removed format constraints related to contact printing. However, the companies Kodak and later Guillemot in particular continued to produce aristotype papers until the 1990s.

Visual glossary of photographic techniques © ARCP / Mairie de Paris, 2015

Images from the top:
Lafayette, Sarah Bernhardt vers 1900, ca. 1900
Enlarged detail x 2
Enlarged detail x 8

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