Name Amon First

Polaroid

It was in 1948 that the American scientist Edwin H. Land developed the first instant picture camera, which he named the Polaroid 95. Until the 1960s, the images it produced were in black and white; it wasn't until 1962 that colour Polaroid films first appeared. In 1972, the Polaroid factory released the SX-70, an instant camera with a completely automatic printing process. Polaroid's simplicity and instantaneousness was an immediate hit with the public and a number of artists, including Andy Warhol and Robert Mappelthorpe. Other brands, such as Kodak (1976 to 1986), and then Fuji (from 1991), also produced instant picture films.

As with the majority of photographic techniques, the principle behind instant picture prints involves the combination of a negative and a positive. The receiving layer, which becomes the positive, is pressed against the negative by two rollers inside the camera. As the positive and the negative pass through these rollers, a pod breaks open, releasing the reagent product, which spreads between the negative and the positive.

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