PRINT

Printing is the operation consisting in making a positive print from a matrix which is, in the case of analog photography, a negative image.

In the case of a digital print, the matrix is not a silver negative but is a digital file. There are several types of prints, each of which corresponds to a production context or a specific use. This data leads to a different value on the photography market.

Image: Reproduction of a print on albumen paper by the ARCP's Visual documentation and reproduction unit.

CONTACT PRINTING
In the case of analog photography, a contact print has the same dimensions as the negative. It was particularly favoured in the 19th century for printing-out techniques that are not sensitive enough to obtain a high-quality enlargement. This type of printing was still practised along the XXe century to obtain contact sheets (studio proofs) allowing the photographer to choose the image to be printed.

ENLARGING
Enlarging, which requires the use of a highly sensitive silver emulsion support, is obtained by projecting a negative through an optical device. Made possible from the 19th century onwards with the emergence of solar enlargers, this technique – which makes it possible to obtain a print larger than the matrix – became, however, widely used from the 20th century onwards.

 

ORIGINAL PRINT
An original print is a definitive print from the original negative made by the photographer himself or under his direct supervision. We distinguish two types of original prints depending on when it was produced: vintage prints and late prints.

VINTAGE PRINT
A vintage print is an original print produced at a date close to when the photograph was taken.

LATE PRINT
A late print is an original print produced a long time after the date when the picture was taken.

REPRINT
A reprint is a print made from the original negative, without the author's supervision.

COPY PRINT
A copy print is a reproduction from an original made in the same value.

FAC-SIMILE
A facsimile print is a reproduction made according to the original process and format.

WORK PRINT
A work print is made to choose the different characteristics desired for the definitive print.

COLLECTOR'S PRINT / EXHIBITION PRINT
These prints are original prints made with a view to selling or exhibiting them. In the latter case, the print is usually returned to the artist after the exhibition.

EDITION PRINT
Print made for publication obtained by a photo-mechanical process, under the photographer's supervision.

PRESS PRINT
Physical Print intended to be reproduced in a printed document.

GLOSSARY

CHROMOGENIC PRINTS

DYE DESTRUCTION PRINT

CARBON PRINT

AUTOCHROME

PHOTOGENIC DRAWING

TINTYPE

GELATIN SILVER BROMIDE PRINT

AMBROTYPE

ARISTOTYPE

GELATIN SILVER CHLORIDE PRINT

PLATINOTYPE

DYE DIFFUSION PRINT

PRINT

FRESSON QUADRICHROMY PRINT

PHOTOCHROME

SALTED PAPER PRINT

NEGATIVE PAPER

PIGMENT INKJET PRINTS

CYANOTYPE

GUM BICHROMATE PRINT

THE FORMATION OF ANALOG AND DIGITAL IMAGES